Lokhimi Sobha (লখিমী সভা)
It is small ritual of the hindu peoples of Asom. It is celebrated on the last day of cultivation to the Hindu goddess Lakshmi. By this puja the people thanks the goddess for last year’s cultivation and prays the goddess to be with them for the coming years also.
No Khuwa (ন-খোৱা)
No khuwa is a famous celebration of Asom. In Assamese ‘no’ means new and ‘khuwa’ means to eat. The Assamese people, by this celebration, taste the first spoon of newly cultivated crops. They invite neighbours and relatives to share the moments with them. Through this ritual the people actually thank God by for providing them such foods.
Tiloni is a ritual, which is celebrated exactly three days after someone’s death. The relatives of a dead person fast till the third day and on the third day certain rituals are performed and they are allowed to take some food, which include only fruits and milk, soaked grams and so on. The relatives of a dead person need to wash their all clothes and household belongings during the day, which is known as “suwa kheda”.
Aai Naam (আই নাম)
Aai naam is sung by the women folk of the village when the members of a family or a village is afflicted by chicken pox or measles. Shitola devi or Shitola aai is the deity who is worshipped in the Aai naam. The women folk offer prayers by lighting incense sticks, diyas etc. to appease the Shitola Devi. This Aai naam is still in vogue in many places in Assam.
Aath Mongola (আঠ মঙলা)
Aath Mongola is the ritual where the bridegroom is invited to his in-laws place on the eighth day of the marriage. The groom, his best pal and a few of people younger to the groom accompany him to the bride’s place on the day of Aath Mongola. Generally the people who are older to the groom does not go on the day of Aath Mongola. On the day eight dishes are prepared for the occasion. Aathmongola is an old tradition in Assam.
Gorokhiya Sobah (গৰখীয়া সবাহ)
Gorokhiya Sobah is held to appease Lord Krishna. According to this tradition people invite the cowherds to home and show reverence with good food and proper respect. As another incarnation of Lord Krishna is that of a cowherd, it is believed that by appeasing the cowherds, they can appease Lord Krishna. This ritual is prevalent in different parts of Assam. Twelve cowherds are invited and offered a special dish prepared by mixing rice powder, banana and jaggery. They are further given one small stick each, a small knife each, new clothes and one coin each.
Toloni Biya (তোলনী বিয়া)
Toloni Biya is celebrated in Asom when a girl reaches puberty and starts menstruation. They celebrate this Toloni Biya to teach the menarche girl about the female sexual and reproductive cycle. They pray to the God for giving the girl a healthy sexual and reproductive system. Usually the ritual continues for seven days. During this period the respective girl is kept in seclusion and not allowed to see sun, moon, cows or any man, even her father. In some parts of Asom the girl is allowed to bathe on fourth day and in some parts of Asom on 7th day.
Joron is the tradition of sending gifts by the bridegroom’s side to the bride on the previous day of the wedding or the morning of the wedding. Though, generally this ritual is known as Telor-bhar in Lower Assam, but nowadays it is known as Joron only. A few women and men from the groom’s family come to the bride’s family with various gifts and items like clothes, cosmetic items, and other traditional items and they are welcomed by the family members of the bride. After that the bride is given the various gift items by the groom’s side. The rituals of Joron is different in different parts of Assam.
Bhekuli Biya (ভেকুলী বিয়া)
When it does not rain in a village for a long time, then the village folk gather and organize the Bhekuli Biya by marrying frogs. It is a tradition and common belief that has been in vogue since time immemorial. In this marriage, two frogs are caught and one is made a bride and the other groom and a wedding is arranged between those two frogs. Both the frogs are kept in different houses. The marriage is performed by strictly adhering to the customs and traditions of a marriage. It is a common belief among the masses that during the marriage if the frogs croak, it rains. Even today in some places this marriage of frogs is performed